Part I – Suits in General

  1. Jurisdiction of the Courts and Res Judicata (Section 9-14)

This part of the code deals with three issues primarily. First, regarding on what issue can a civil suit be instituted. Second, the concept of res judicata. Third, the impact of foreign judgements in Indian jurisdiction.

  1. Place of Suing (Section 15 – 25)

This part of the code deals with three issues primarily. First, the aspects and points that need to be considered while finding out the appropriate jurisdictional court for a particular civil suit. Second, what and when can the objections to jurisdiction be pointed out. Third, the powers of the Supreme Court, High Courts and District Courts for the transfer or withdrawal of civil suits.

  1. Institution of Suits (Section 26)

This part of the code deals with the point, as to what will be said to initiate and institute a civil suit.

  1. Summons and Discovery (Section 27 – 32)

This part of the code deals with the process of summons issued to both defendants and witnesses and the penalty for acting in default of the service of summons. This part also deals with the power of the Court in the interest of justice for bringing forth evidence and proving it with the help of an affidavit.

  1. Judgement and Decree (Section 33)

This part of the code deals with two concepts. First, wherein the judge adjudicates the matter and passes a judgement. Second, the formal expression of the executory document in context of the judgement, decree.

  1. Interest (Section 34)

This part of the code deals with the interest, if any, on the principal sum of money that will be decreed in addition to the principal amount.

  1. Costs (Section 35 – 35B)

This part of the code provides the Court discretionary power to impose costs on any party in consonance with the provisions of the code, to prevent frivolous litigation.


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