‘Supreme Court of India’s sitting outside Delhi’
There have been two instances when the Supreme Court of India has had it’s bench outside Delhi.
The pending appeals before the privy council of Kashmir and Hyderabad were under Article 374(4) transferred to the Supreme Court of India. The records of these cases were in Urdu and thus their translation would have incurred huge expenses.
Therefore, to avoid all these costs, the Supreme Court of India held its bench at Kashmir and Hyderabad which decided those appeals.
In Hyderabad the bench was held between August to December 1950. During this time the bench decided 382 appeals.
In Kashmir the bench was held only for a fortnight in 1954. The bench on the fortnight decided 18 appeals.
‘Golu Devata – The God Of Justice’
In the hills of Kumaon in Uttarakhand, there is a temple situated few kilometers from the city of Almora. The temple is unique for hosting more than 1,00,000 bells and thousands and thousands of grievances tied around in the temple complex. It is believed that Golu Devata is the God of Justice and any grievance of any sort filed in the temple will be dealt with and resolved. People after their grievance is resolved tie a bell in the temple premises. The faith people have in this temple can be witnessed by the fact that the grievances are written not just in regular paper, but many a times also in judicial stamp papers. All these bells and grievances are owed to the immense faith people of the region have in the deity of the temple, Golu Devata.
‘Constitution of India and Preamble – Art’
There are two handcrafted copies (one in Hindi and the other one in English) of the Constitution of India kept in special helium cases in the Library of the Parliament of India. These copies were written by Prem Bihari Narain Raizada (Saxena) of Delhi in flowing cursive italic style with a special No. 303 calligraphic nib. The Preamble to the Constitution was designed and decorated by the renowned painter Beohar Rammanohar Sinha of Jaipur under the guidance of Nandalal Bose.
‘Bombay as Dowry’
Bombay administration was with the Portugese, but with the marriage that took place on the 31st of May 1662, between the princess of Portugal at the time, Catharine and the King of the United Kingdom, Charles II, the Portugese gave the administration of Bombay to the United Kingdom.
‘Oldest Court in Asia’
Tribunal da Relacto das India, was the name of the Portugese High Court with its bench in Goa. This Court was setup in 1544. This is known to be the oldest court in Asia. Presently, the complex hosts the office of the commissioner of excise.
‘Abolishment of Sati’
Afonso de Alburquieque, the second Governor of the Portugese India passed a government decree passed in the year 1510, abolishing the practice of sati. Later the 20th Governor of the Portugese India, Constantino de Bragança, in 1560 banned not just sati but also held the act of abetment of sati as punishable.
‘Judicial Independence under the Marathas’
In the later part of the 18th Century, a Ramshastri Prabhune was appointed as the ‘mukhya nyayadhish’ of the apex court of the Marathas. The Peshwa of the time, Raghunath Rao, was tried for murdering his nephew. Ramshastri Prabhune, held Raghunath Rao guilty of murder and sentenced him to death.
The term ‘munsif’ used informally even today in context of civil courts was coined by Sher Shah Suri. Among the various judicial reforms introduced by him, the constitution of separate civil courts under a judge called ‘munsif’ is still much prevalant in various parts of India. Although, now the term ‘munsif’ has officially been replaced by ‘Civil Judge Junior Division’, but still, among the masses, the term ‘munsif’ finds its place.